Difference Between Computer Engineering and Information Technology

If you are passionate about the field of technology, then you must have thought to take it as a career. However, if you have somehow hit the roadblock of choosing between Computer Science (CS) and Information Technology (IT), then this is the right blog where you have landed.

Interestingly, this is one of the most frequent and commonly asked questions on the Internet. The reason is that both these terms are interchangeable and are somewhat related. But the fact is that both are different disciplines with different focuses.

This blog discusses the main differences between computer science and information technology, including job roles and responsibilities, career opportunities, and others. Give it a quick read to know more.

What is Computer Science and Engineering All About

Computer science engineering utilizes electrical engineering and computer science principles for creating firmware and hardware that are utilized in different areas like medical devices, consumer electronics, aircraft, self-driving cars, communication systems, and others.

In computer science engineering, students learn how to prototype, develop, and test microchips, processors, circuits, conductors, or other components utilized in computer systems or devices. This might include smartphones, supercomputers, servers, laptops, IoT gadgets, etc. In this period, they also learn to develop firmware, a crucial type of software through which operating systems function.

Computer science as a domain is currently getting huge with each passing day. Every business sector and industry has got multiple job opportunities for graduates and post-graduates of computers science. The recently passed out graduates can now opt for high-paying jobs in various multinational companies globally and get the highest job satisfaction. Apart from this, the computer science domain offers meaningful work as it consistently works with exponential technology.

About Information Technology Engineering

Information Technology, also known as IT, involves the application and study of computers and other types of Telecommunication which retrieve store, transfer, study, send information, and manipulate data. Information Technology is involved in the combination of Software and Hardware that is utilized for performing essential tasks that people require on an everyday basis.

Information Technology professionals are highly adept in using emerging technologies and can offer any solution for technical issues that may arise on small- or large-scale business sectors. The responsibilities of the IT Department are many as professionals have to follow a combination of policies and other processes for ensuring the smooth running of IT systems which also needs to be aligned with the company’s needs. They offer that support device, maintenance, and management along with security testing services.

Today, the Information Technology field is one of the most promising careers. It is witnessing immense progress in leaps and bounds each year. Also, it has been a catalyst to humanity’s transition into a smooth, simpler functioning of life. The IT professionals have a rewarding career as they are constantly motivated towards innovation.

What is the Difference Between Computer Engineering and Information Technology?

Although they have several similarities, information technology, and computer science are two distinct objects. Let’s check out the basic differences between both the domains:


Jobs grounded in the computer science domain would mean working with programming languages data for developing or improvising products. However, jobs in IT would focus heavily on computer operation in these systems networks so that a particular organization can manage its work smoothly.


The fields for both Computer Science and IT vary widely to start jobs which require specialized knowledge for building, programming and maintaining computers can require a lot of experience that can lead to high salaries. Computer science graduates can expect a good starting package from the very beginning. Still, an entry-level IT job, which does not even require four years degree, might have lower starting salaries.


The skillset required in both the courses are also different. For instance, in Computer Science, the students learn programming languages like C++, Python, HTML, JavaScript, CSS; get familiar with code-sharing platforms, understand the software development cycle, learn more about artificial intelligence methods, etc. In IT, students are also made to learn about the programming languages and other software-related issues like troubleshooting methods, network configuration, security infrastructure, ethical hacking, data administration skills, and more.

Computer Science Engineering vs Information Technology Comparison Table

Computer Science Engineering

Information Technology

Programming skills like Python, C++, Javascript, HTML. Programming skills like Python and Powershell.
Work as web developer, full stack developer, robotics engineer, back end engineer, data scientist etc. Work as help desk technician, computer technician, database administrator, cloud engineer, cybersecurity specialist.
High-paid salary Entry-levels may have a lower pay range.
Work responsibilities involves focusing on programming languages and development. Work responsibilities involves focusing more on computer operations.

Roles and Responsibilities of Computer Science Engineering vs Information Technology

The roles and responsibilities of Computer Science and information technology engineering at different just from their dominance. You let us look into it in detail:

Role of Information Technology Engineering

The job duties of IT specialist and include network management, data administration, and lots more.

They provide technical support to the organization’s employees or directly to the business.

IT specialists design systems and assess the technical resource and their effectiveness.

They are also responsible for training the non-technical workers on various businesses information systems.

The IT specialists determine the functional changes and other modifications of systems.

IT specialists also work with various external partners like agencies, consultants, vendors to arrive at the most appropriate integration of multiple systems.

Role of Computer Science Engineering

Design, develop and then build computer software and hardware systems.

Perform regular checks to ensure the systems are working stable and running efficiently.

Detect and resolve various software problems.

Determine various opportunities for improving the stability of data processing and workflow.

Develop protocols to check and repair software bugs.

Work with other team members to ensure smoother software and hardware systems for supporting the organization’s goals.

Stay up to date with the current technologies to ensure that the organization utilizes the newest technology.

Career Opportunities in Computer Science Engineering vs Information Technology

Both the fields of Computer Science Engineering and Information Technology have bright career opportunities. Both these domains offer high paid salaries and it also increases with time and experience. Let’s have a look into it in detail:

Information Technology job profiles and salaries

  • IT Consultant– ₹964,319 per year
  • IT Technician- ₹264000 per year
  • IT Business Analyst7,00,000 per year
  • IT Security Analyst- ₹6,00,000 per year
  • IT Project Manager- ₹15,07,325 per year
  • IT Director- ₹48,51,081 per year
  • Network Administrator- ₹4,73,876 per year
  • User Experience Designer– ₹5,65,848 per year
  • Database Administrator– ₹6,48,326 per year
  • Software Application Packager– ₹6,59,966 per year
  • Computer Science Engineering job profiles and salaries
  • Software Development Director– ₹1,08,45,527 per year
  • Principal Software Engineer– 23,82,292 per year
  • Site Reliability Engineer– ₹ 8,43,346.27 per year
  • Security Consultant- ₹8,59,906 per year
  • Development Operations Engineer– ₹10,74,883 per year
  • Cyber Security Engineer– ₹7,2,000 per year
  • Full-Stack Software Developer– ₹375,000 per year
  • Computer Scientist– ₹23,19,614 per year
  • Software Developer- ₹516615 per year
  • Security Engineer– ₹4,90,146 per year

Which is Better Computer Science or Information Technology?

Both the fields of Computer Science and IT, offer a lucrative and wonderful career. There is no such thing called ‘better option’ because both lead to different career paths and have different specializations. Both disciplines can be a great choice for your career as long as you are completely passionate about technology and want to learn more about it. With either computer science or IT, you can ensure a secure job with a handsome salary that would increase with time as you gain experience.

As one of the top Indian educational institutes, NIET offers both the courses of Computer Science Engineering & Information Technology. With excellent faculty and innovative Infrastructure, NIET students always perform their best and grab their dream job. Have a peek into the website to know more about NIET’s various types of courses.

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